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Korean J Leg Med > Volume 44(1); 2020 > Article
Korean Journal of Legal Medicine 2020;44(1):7-16.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7580/kjlm.2020.44.1.7    Published online February 29, 2020.
A Study on the Death Certificates and the Warrant of Seizure in Relation to the Death Certification System.
Youn Shin Kim, Tae Eun Kim
1Department of Forensic Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. ysk007fm@hotmail.com
2Department of Law, Chosun University College of Law, Gwangju, Korea.
Abstract
The death certification system in a modern welfare state is of critical importance because it is related to the collection of national statistics for health policy, social security and social welfare. So, the monitoring of death events by the government has become an important function of a constitutional state. There are two ways in which a death certificate can be issued: the medical judgment by the physician via the death certificate and through a warrant for an autopsy by a law enforcement agency, especially in the case of violent deaths. On a practical level, however, the death certificate issued by a physician may contain serious faults like an inaccurate assessment of the cause of death especially when the death resulted from unnatural causes. The warrant specified in the Constitution and the Criminal Procedure Act also raises the question of whether it is legally fulfilling its original mandate, especially when looking at procedures in the case of suicide or other causes of death that are not related to a crime. The authors, therefore, examined the shortcomings of legal codes related to death certification and warrants for autopsies and propose the reformation of legal codes for the death certification system.
Key Words: Death certificates, Warrant, Cause of death, Manner of death, Autopsy


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