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Korean Journal of Legal Medicine 2010;34(2):116-124.
Published online November 30, 2010.
A Study of Similarities Between Bloodstain Pattern Analysis and Fire Investigation In Point View of Event Analysis.
Young Il Seo, Byung Sun Moon, Young Jin Cho, Woo Jeong Jeon, Jong Jin Park, Seong Jin Kim, Yong Seok Choi, Nam Kyu Park
1Southern District Office, National Forensic Service, Busan, Korea. yiseo@nisi.go.kr
2Daegu Metropolitan Police Agency, Daegu, Korea.
Abstract
Crime scene reconstruction is the use of scientific methods, physical evidence, deductive and inductive reasoning and their interrelationships to gain explicit knowledge of the series of events that surround the commission of a crime. Event analysis is the method of crime scene reconstruction. As disciplines of crime scene reconstruction, bloodstain pattern analysis and fire investigation have many common points. Comparing bloodstain pattern analysis with fire investigation in point view of event analysis helps us to further understand crime scene reconstruction as well as bloodstain pattern analysis and fire investigation themselves. We study event analysis and apply it to cases and we seek similarities and differences between bloodstain pattern analysis and fire investigation by analyzing the methodology of both of them. In a fire scene, the point with the greatest damage is the point where the fire burned longest, which is likely to be the origin. In bloodstained scenes this approach is reversed. The greatest bloodshed point is most likely the ending point of the incident and is likely at or near the point where the bloodshed started. Above this, there are other similarities between them. Mastering the crime scene reconstruction requires long time hard training. Thus if the fire investigation experts or arson experts among crime scene investigators join the field of bloodstain pattern analysis(or reverse), then there will be many synergy effects to both of them.
Key Words: crime scene reconstruction, event analysis, bloodstain pattern analysis, fire investigation
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