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Korean J Leg Med > Volume 39(4); 2015 > Article
Korean Journal of Legal Medicine 2015;39(4):99-108.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7580/kjlm.2015.39.4.99    Published online November 30, 2015.
A Statistical Analysis of Legal Autopsies Performed in Korea in 2014.
Jung Sik Jang, Seon Jung Jang, Byung Ha Choi, Han Young Lee, Nak Eun Chung, Joong Seok Seo
1Medical Examiner's Office, National Forensic Service, Wonju, Korea. drjangjungsik@gmail.com
2Division of Forensic Medicine Investigation, National Forensic Service Seoul Institute, Seoul, Korea.
3National Forensic Service, Wonju, Korea.
Medicolegal autopsies are a vital tool for obtaining reliable injury mortality data. This study statistically analyzed the data obtained from medicolegal autopsies performed in Korea in 2014. A total of 5,324 deaths were analyzed by sex, age, manner of death, and cause of death. With respect to the manner of death, 56.3% were recorded as unnatural deaths, 38.4% were natural deaths, and 5.3% had unknown causes. Of the 2,998 unnatural deaths, 41.0% were determined to be accidental deaths; 28.1%, suicidal; 16.1%, homicidal; and 14.8%, undetermined. Of the total number of unnatural deaths, 38.8% were trauma-related, wherein falls accounted for 32.7%. Asphyxiation accounted for 16.3% of unnatural deaths; of these, the predominant cause was hanging (59.4%). In addition, 15.0% of the unnatural deaths were due to drowning; 14.8%, poisoning; 11.3%, thermal injuries; 2.5%, complications arising from medical procedures; and 0.4%, electrocution, starvation, or neglect. Among the 2,042 natural deaths, heart diseases accounted for 49.0% and vascular diseases accounted for 17.3%. Of the 170 deaths among children under the age of 10, 38.8% were recorded as unnatural deaths, 54.1% were natural deaths, and 7.1% had unknown causes.
Key Words: Autopsy, Cause of death, Data interpretation, statistical, Korea


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